Category: lawlaw

The judicial system of Great Britain and its features


The judicial system of
Great Britain and its
Performed by: Nikita Andreevich Savchuk
Student of group 11- sZ


Legal symbols, coat of arms and flag of the
country, motto and map of the country
«Testis unus, testis nullus»


The peculiarities of the judicial system of Great Britain also lie
in the fact that all positions in the court are appointed by Her
Majesty or local self-government bodies. In most developed
countries, this process is due to the election results.


The system of sources of law in the UK. The
Constitution of the country
Sources of law in England
Judicial precedent
Law (Statutory law)
Common law
The right of justice
Legal custom
Legal doctrines


House of Lords
The first in the court system is the House of Lords.
This is the highest and last instance. The Chamber
considers appeals against court decisions regarding
civil cases and criminal sentences. It has power
over England, Wales, Northern Ireland and
Scotland. The special significance of the House of
Lords as the highest instance is that its precedents
are binding on all courts without exception.


Judicial Committee of the Privy Council
This is another supreme and final instance. This applies
to all legal structures of the United Kingdom. The
committee includes: the Lord Chancellor, ordinary
Lords of Appeal, as well as a number of "privy
councillors". All members are appointed by the Queen.


High Court
The judicial system of Great Britain includes the High
Court, which consists of three branches at once. These
are the King's Bench, the Chancery Department and
the Family Affairs Department. Each department is
characterized by its own appellate presence, which is
formed of two judges. The one who is older in office is
the chairman. The High Court is also endowed with the
Lord Chancellor, the Lord Chief Justice, the Chairman
of the Family Affairs Department, the Vice-Chancellor
and ordinary judges (no more than 80 people). Every
ordinary judge has equal rights, power and jurisdiction.


Magistrate's Court
This is another local legal structure. However, it is
limited by the measure of punishment regarding
criminal cases. The judicial system of England and
Wales has more than a thousand magistrate courts,
they are served by 25 thousand magistrates..


Coroner's Court
This legal structure examines cases of "mysterious"
death, where there are suspicions of murder or
infanticide, establishes the causes of suicides or
murders that occurred in prisons. Local self-government
bodies are appointed as judges.


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