Stereotyping as socio-phycological phenomena – case of chinese culture groups
1. STEREOTYPING AS SOCIO-PHYCOLOGICAL PHENOMENA – CASE OF CHINESE CULTURE GROUPSby
SOFIIENKO OLHA (索菲娅
Shanghai International Studies University
2. Plan1. Social-Psychology Studies Overview
• Best known figures
• Relation to IR
• Areas for expending
2. Stereotyping as a socio-psychological phenomena
• Defining the phenomena
• Stereotyping categories
• Illusion theory
3. Stereotyping of Chinese culture groups
• Widely held stereotypes
• Stereotyping of Chinese by Chinese
4. Negative outcomes of stereotyping
• Prejudice, discrimination, racism
• Stereotype threat
5. Suggestions for minimizing the negative stereotyping of Chinese culture groups
3. Interdisciplinary dimensions of IRKulich, S.J. (2003)
4. Areas for Expanding Field of Social-Psychology in IR StudiesSOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGY STUDIES
• Personal Identity
• Cultural Identity
• The Interaction and Identity of Mainstream, Minority, SubCultures, Fringe Cultures
• Values, Beliefs, World Views
• Interaction and Personal Face Negotiation
• Awareness, Perception, Expectations, Ambiguity
• Categorization/Attribution - Stereotypes and
• Ethnocentrism, Prejudice, Discrimination, Racism, Violence
Kulich, S.J. (2003)
5. What is Social-Psychology?
in interaction with others
7. Best known figures in Social-Psychology• Triplett, Norman (phenomenon of social
• McDougall, William (An Introduction to Social
• Allport, Floyd Henry (a founder of experimental
social psychology, Social Psychology, 1924 )
• Allport, Gordon Willard
• Lewin, Kurt , 1936
• Tajfel, Henri (Social Identity theory, 1970)
9. Stereotyping- a selection process that is used to organize and
simplify perceptions of others.
(Walter Lippmann, 1922)
- mistakes our brain makes in the perception of
other people that are similar to those mistakes our
brain makes in the perception of visual illusions.
(Richard Nisbett, 1980)
10. Stereotype is an illusion
13. Stereotyping categories
Regions within countries
by Myron W. Lustig
17. Stereotypes about ChineseAmerica
Eat dogs and insects
Lack of good manners
Look the same
Produce “bad quality” goods
Kung- Fu fighters
Good in math
Good in business
Live in big groups
18. Stereotypes about Chinese by ChineseSource : https://foreignpolicy.com/2014/03/04/a-map-of-china-by-stereotype/
19. What are the negative effects of stereotyping?- Unawareness of real picture;
which individuals are at risk, by dint of their
actions or behaviors, of confirming negative
stereotypes about their group.
(Steele & Aronson, 1995).
Stereotype boost - when people perform better than they
otherwise would have, because of exposure to positive
21. Suggestions for minimizing the negative stereotyping of Chinese culture groups(Both hand process)
Improve intercultural competence;
Keep an open mind;
Maintain a good sense of self-awareness and self-analysis;
Facilitate the access to the Internet World;
Motivate foreign languages learning;
Bring Chinese cinematography to the world stage;
Develop friendships with people from other parts of the world.
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