Monuments of World War I
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Monuments of World War I

1. Monuments of World War I

Made by:
Cherkasova A. Form: 8 A
Secondary school №1
Teacher: Shalamova I.


«The stories from World War I are worse than
anything I have ever read».
Kerry Greenwood


The First World War began in 1914 and lasted for more than four
years. About 38 countries were involved in that war. More than 74 million
people fought on its fields, 10 million were killed, and 20 million were
crippled. The war led to the downfall of the most powerful European states
and the folding of the new geopolitical situation in the world.


There are many monuments dedicated to the heroes of the
First World War and here are some of them.


You can see a photo of the Cemetery of German soldiers. The
cemetery is located on the shores of Lake Norvajärvi, 18 km to the north of
German Soldiers’ Cemetery was blessed on 31 August 1963. Its mausoleum
contains the remains of over 2,500 German soldiers who had perished on
the battlefield during the First World War. The area is bounded by an almost
metre-high fence built of natural stone.


The Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing is a war memorial in
Ypres, Belgium, dedicated to the British and Commonwealth soldiers who
were killed in the Ypres Salient of World War I and whose graves are
unknown. The memorial is located at the eastern part of the town and
marks the starting point of one of the main roads out of the town that led
allied soldiers to the front line.


In Canada, the government erected four national monuments: two
in Ottawa, the others in Halifax and Victoria. In Ottawa it was a competition
to choose the best idea for the monument. And in 1925 the National War
Memorial was built in the capital.


The architect of the monument a British sculptor Vernon March created the
other monument - The Great Response of Canada, depicts uniformed figures of men
and women representing all the services purposefully passing through a granite arch of
victory. The memorial was unveiled in the spring of 1939. Each year on Armistice Day a
service is held there for the memory of those who died fighting for their country.


Today, there are many memorials around the world, which are
called «Tomb of the Unknown Soldier». After World War I, a movement to
remember about that war, had began to commemorate these unknown
soldiers with a single tomb, that would contain a body of such one
unidentified soldier. That soldier would have been a symbol of the sacrifice of
all the unknown soldiers who died in battle.
For example, The Tomb of the Unknown Warrior in London, The Tomb of the
Unknown Soldier in France and in such countries, as the USA, Belgium,
Canada, Egypt, Italy, Greece and Russia.


Unlike in other European countries, in Russia the First World War
has remained in some ways a forgotten conflict, there are only a few
architectural structures associated with the First World War.
This one is in Moscow.


This monument is on Poklonnaya Gora in Moscow.
Vladimir Putin took part in a ceremony unveiling this monument to the heroes
who gave their lives in World War I. The ceremony was one of the main events
marking the 100th anniversary of the start of World War I. The idea to build
the monument came from the Russian Military Historical Society, and is the
creation of sculptors A. Kovalchuk, P. Lyubimov and V. Yusupov, and
architects M. Korsi and S. Shlenkina.


On the Day of the State Flag of the Russian Federation in August
22, 2014 in the center of Pskov, on the boulevard between the two stations
– a bus station and a rail station – took place the official opening ceremony
of the monument to the Heroes of World War.


On Wednesday, July 30, in Rostov region, it was erected a
monument to the soldiers who had perished during the First World War. A
sculptural composition of four meters high appeared in the city park of Azov
near the local House of Culture. The opening of the monument was
dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of the First World War.


World War I cost a lot of money for participating countries.
Germany and Great Britain spent about 60% of the money their economy
had produced. Countries had to raise taxes and borrow money from their
citizens. They also printed money in order to buy weapons and other things
they needed for war. This led to the inflation after the war.


World War I has changed the society completely. Birth rates went
down because millions of young men died.
The role of women also changed. They played a major part in replacing men
in factories and offices. Many countries gave women more rights after the
war had ended, including the right to vote.
The upper classes lost their leading role in society. After the war
young middle and low class men and women demanded their right in forming
a new society of their country.


World War I left a deep and terrible trail in the history of the
world. We will always remember the heroes who died for their countries
and glorify their great exploits.
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