A brief statement about Canada
1. Canada«От моря до моря»
2. A brief statement about Canada:Canada.
Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, Ottawa, Edmonton,
9 984 670 km2.
36 048 52 people.
3. Geographical data:Canada occupies most of Northern North
America. 75% of the territory area of the North.
Canada has a common land border with the United
States in the South and in the North-West (between
Alaska and Yukon) and is located from the Atlantic
ocean in the East to the Pacific on the West and to the
Arctic ocean in the North of the country. It also has a
Maritime border with France (Saint Pierre and
Miquelon) and Denmark (Greenland). Since 1925,
Canada owns part of the Arctic, however, these
properties are not universally accepted. The
northernmost settlement in Canada and in the world is
at Alert (Nunavut), Canadian forces at the Northern tip
of Ellesmere island. Canada is the second country in
4. Climate:Average temperatures in January and
July are different for each area. Winter
can be very severe in some regions of the
country, the average monthly temperature
can reach -15 C in the southern part of the
country, and sometimes -45 C with strong
icy winds. The minimum temperature
ever observed in Canada is -63 C (Yukon).
Each year, the snow level can reach
several hundred inches (for example, in
Quebec the average of 337 cm). The coast
of British Columbia, especially Vancouver
island, is an exception and enjoys a mild
climate with mild and rainy winters.
Summer temperatures can reach +35, +40,
given the index of humidity.
Charlottetown (Prince Edward Island) in the winter
5. Administrative division:At the moment Canada is divided into 10 provinces
and 3 territories. The new administrative unit of
Canada is the territory of Nunavut (created in
1999).First and foremost, province and territory differ
in their degree of autonomy. The provincial authority
is actually transferred to the Constitution act, 1867, so
their adjustment to the Federal government are
possible only by changing the Constitution. That is
within their legislative powers, rights and privileges
specified in the Constitution, the provinces do not
depend on the Federal government, nor from each
other. In other words, despite the fact that the
statutory procedure may lead to a change of the
Constitution, this change is considered invalid within
the borders of the province, declared their
disagreement with him, if this change violates the
rights, privileges and powers of the province. Besides,
within the limits prescribed by the Constitution act,
1982, the provincial legislature has the exclusive
authority to amend its own provincial Constitution.
As for territories, they are the result of the ordinary
law of the Federal Parliament and therefore are in his
power. All provinces and territories have their own
6. The population:The population of Canada at the beginning of 2010 is 34 million
people. The 2006 census recorded a 5.4% increase
compared to 2001.Despite the large area, about ¾ of the
canadian population lives within 160 km from the border with
the United States. A similar proportion also exists in urban
areas, concentrated in the corridor québec-Windsor (in particular
Metropolitan areas of Toronto-Hamilton, Montreal and OttawaGatineau) on the continental plains of British Columbia
(Vancouver region before the end of the valley of the Fraser
river) and in the corridor of calgary-Edmonton in Alberta.
The 2001 census recorded 30 007 094 canadian. According to the
Canadian statistical service, the population at March 2009 was
about 33.5 million people, 8 million of whom are Francophone.
Basically population growth is due to immigration. Although the
major economic benefits of immigration brings independent,
qualified immigrants, half of all entering the country falls under
the program of family reunification (spouses, minor children or
parents of new Canadians-sponsors).Canada is a very diverse
country with an ethnic point of view. At the 2006 census in
Canada are 43 ethnic groups, consisting of at least 100 000
people the largest ethnic group call themselves "Canadians"
(30,9 %), as the majority of Canadians, especially those whose
ancestors came in colonial times, sees itself as a canadian people.
This is followed by those who call themselves British (or 20.1
%), French (15.1 per cent), Scotland (14.5 per cent), Irish (13.3
%), and Germans (9,7 %), Italy (4,4 %), Chinese (4.1%) and
Indians (3.8 percent), Ukrainians (3.7 percent), the Netherlands
(3,2 %), poles (3 %), Indians (3 %), Russian (1.5 percent)
Statistics of population from 1867 to 2016
7. Languages Canada:Canada is officially a bilingual country.
From 7 July 1969 according to the Law on
official languages English and French have
equal status in Parliament in Federal court
and in state institutions. This measure
reflects the important historical, political
and cultural role of French-speaking
Quebec. The Prime Minister of Canada
Parliament and at public events part
English, part French. The chairmen of all
four Federal parties speak both languages.
All canadian Federal employees serving the
population in institutions and on the phone,
must be able to speak English and French.
All Federal literature, from tax returns to
brochures and reports are published in both
The population of Montreal is predominantly
Francophone, but there is a significant Englishspeaking community. According to the census 2006,
the French language uses 52.6% of residents of the
city of Montreal with a threatening tendency of
turning into a minority language.
8. Religion:Canadians profess a large number of
religions. According to the last census, 77.1
percent of Canadians consider themselves
Christians, most are Catholics (43.6% of
Canadians). The most important Protestant
Church — the United Church of Canada (which
includes most of the Calvinists (the part of the
Presbyterians and all Congregationalist and
Methodist); approximately 17 % of Canadians
do not associate themselves with any religion,
and the rest of the population (6.7 per cent)
profess other religions (Judaism, Islam,
Buddhism, Hinduism and Sikhism). Over the
last 10 years the Muslim population of Canada
increased by 82% from approximately 579
thousand people in 2001 to over 1 million in
2011. Muslims make up 3.2 percent of Canada's
population, while in 2001 they accounted for
only 2 %. Two-thirds of canadian Muslims live
in the three largest cities — Toronto, Montreal
and Vancouver. Toronto is home to the largest
Muslim community — 424 thousand people in
Montreal and Vancouver, respectively, more
than 221 thousand and $ 73 thousand 200
people. It is the fastest growing community in
Canada celebrates ABNA.
Cathedral of the Immaculate conception of the
blessed virgin Mary in Kingston.
9. Sport:Great place in the lives of Canadians is a sport.
The official winter sport of Canada, and exceptionally
popular leisure activities is ice hockey. Seven cities of
Canada — Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa,
calgary, Edmonton and Winnipeg — have their own
team-members of the National hockey League (NHL).
50% of all players in the League (and only in her 30
clubs from Canada and the USA) from Canada.
Toronto is the world's largest hockey hall of fame.
The official summer sport is lacrosse.
Canada is also popular Curling, figure skating and
canadian football (similar to the American version,
there is the Canadian football League). In European
football, basketball and baseball play more on the
Amateur and youth level, but these sports are not so
popular in the professional field as the others,
although one of the NBA clubs and is based in
Toronto. Canada was the mistress of the Junior world
Cup in 2007, and in 2010 in the canadian city of
Vancouver and the nearby ski resort of Whistler
(British Columbia) was held at the XXI Winter
Olympic games. In 1988 the Winter Olympics were
held in calgary.
Hockey the number one sport in Canada
10. The Symbols Of Canada:National symbols of Canada
are the maple, the beaver and the
canadian horse breed.
In addition, there are other
characters. For example, the
coins depicts a reindeer
(caribou), chernokova Loon
(Common Loon, so the coin of
one dollar is commonly called a
loonie), white bear.
Canadian Royal standard
National flag of Canada
Identification mark air command
Canadian armed forces
Flag of the Governor General of Canada