Environmental problems and ways to solve them
problems and ways to
Performed by: Izotova E.
environment that lead to disruption of the structure and
functioning of nature.
Environmental problems affecting the
entire Earth are called global. Global
problems include climate change,
pollution of the atmosphere and oceans,
depletion and erosion of soils,
desertification, destruction of the ozone
layer, reduction of forest area, reduction
of biological diversity and others.
The main types of pollution are classified
by the sources of environmental pollution
In the first case, environmental pollutants
are the activities of living organisms or
anthropogenic factors. In the second case,
the natural chemical composition of the
contaminated sphere is changed by adding
other chemicals to it. In the third case, the
physical characteristics of the environment
change. These types of pollution include
thermal, radiation, noise and other types of
radiation. The latter type of pollution is
also associated with human activity and
waste emissions into the biosphere.
in the area
of forest cover.
The disappearance of
many thousands of
of animals and plants.
Reduction of mineral
The appearance of holes
in the ozone layer, which
protects all life on the
deadly cosmic rays.
Among the current environmental
problems, the most important are:
The world ocean is
less and less
able to regulate natural
Total pollution of the
lack of clean air.
environmental pollution is
Sources of pollution are
nuclear explosions, the
production of nuclear fuel, the
operation of nuclear ships,
medical and scientific
equipment, accidents at
nuclear power plants and
enterprises (for example, at
Chernobyl nuclear power plant
of the crisis