Министерство образования Республики Бурятия ГБПОУ «Байкальский колледж туризма и сервиса»
Geographical Position 
National symbols
Places of Interest in Russia 
Category: geographygeography

Russian Federation

1. Министерство образования Республики Бурятия ГБПОУ «Байкальский колледж туризма и сервиса»

Тема сообщения:
Работу выполнила: Брагина Екатерина
Студент 1 курса
Группа О-716
Работу принял(а): Дьяченко Е.А.

2. Geographical Position 

Geographical Position
Russia, or the Russian Federation, сovers a huge part of Eurasia.
Being the largest world country it borders 18 states and takes in
one eighth of the Earth’s dry surface.

3. Climate 

In Russia winter is mostly cold and snowy and summer
is usually hot and dry. The polar climate prevails over
northern areas. Beyond the Polar Circle people don’t see
daylight in winter. But in summer the long polar night
gives place to the midnight sun.

4. Relief

Russia The relief is very diverse: presented vast plains, plateaus, high
and medium mountains. The dominant of the major landforms are
plains. The territory of the country, especially the Asian part of it is a
general decrease in the north, as indicated by the direction of flow of
most of the major rivers. Mountain plains framed structures, with the
majority concentrated in the mountains of southern Siberia, north-east
and east of the country.

5. Fauna

The number of known species in Russia reached 125 thousand. Species
The main representatives of the fauna of oceanic coasts and islands are the walrus, bearded
seal, ringed seal, polar bear; of birds - guillemots, gulls, eider. Auks and gulls on the rocks
form a massive breeding colonies - "rookeries". In the seas of the Pacific Ocean inhabited by
the most valuable fur-bearing animals: otter, sea otter, or (Commander and Kuril Islands),
and northern fur seal (seal rookery island, the Commander and Kuril Islands).
The main space of Russia takes taiga zone. It is home to the forest lemmings, chipmunks,
squirrels, flying squirrels, sables, elks, in the southern regions - deer, red deer, roe deer,
speakers, etc. Group taiga mammals complement species living in other areas:. Hare, brown
bear, lynx and etc. Typical birds for these areas -. warblers, tits, crossbill, Jyrki, waxwings,
schury, nutcrackers, woodpeckers, grouse, grouse, owls, owls. For the fauna of deciduous
forests are characterized by bank vole, yellow-necked mouse, dormouse, in some forests
remained ungulates (European roe deer, red deer, bison) and the European mink, wild cat,
marten. Among the birds are characterized by several species of warblers and warblers,
finch, grosbeak, Common Nightingale, oriole.


7. Flora

Russia, a vast country located in multiple time zones, different geographical areas. On its
territory grow many kinds of plants. Since dwarf birch growing in the north and ending steppe
grasses growing in the south. Due to the fact that Russia has a huge territory, its flora is diverse
and surprising.
The richness of the flora of Russia
Many forests, magnificent taiga, mountain ranges, the northern most desert land, meadows and
luxurious southern steppes - it's Russian. Therefore, the country's flora is rich and varied. On its
territory you can find a huge pine and dwarf grass.
In Russia, a lot of vegetation types such as:
- Forestry;
- Tundra;
- Desert;
- Steppe;
- Swamp;
- Meadow.
The abundance and variety of plant species, depending on the geographical area in which they
are located.


9. National symbols

Hero City and the city-fortress of Sevastopol
The fortress and later a city-hero Sevastopol repeatedly became a place of
stubborn resistance to foreign invaders. During the crisis in Ukraine in 2014 it
began to Sevastopol activation of pro-Russian forces in the south-east of Ukraine.
Prior to that, the city suffered two heroic defense - in in 1854-1855. and in 1941-1942.
Both times for the city were fierce battles with the use of the most powerful at the
time of equipment and a large numerical superiority of the enemy.
During the Crimean War of 1854-1855. Sevastopol stormed the united army of
France, the British Empire, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia (Italy
of the future), which after a long and bloody struggle was able to seize the southern
part of the city, after which he was imprisoned world.


Hero City of St. Petersburg (Leningrad)
St. Petersburg, while temporarily called Leningrad, in 1941-1944. It
withstands severe siege, widely known as the Siege of Leningrad. The
almost complete encirclement of the city with a population of 3.2 million
people has lasted 872 days, with only hunger in the city killed 632
thousand civilians, but their morale was not broken, as a result it has
continued to operate the industry, as well as the Baltic has been saved
fleet. At the Leningrad blockade in the ring were naval base (Sea Fortress)
on the island of Kronstadt Kotlin and Oranienbaumansky bridgehead
formed advanced fortifications of its fort "Red Hill".

11. Places of Interest in Russia 

Places of Interest in Russia
Russia is the largest country in the world. It has a long and interesting history. The country
is famous for its numerous places of interest. The capital of Russia is Moscow, and it’s the
biggest city in the country. Another big and famous city in Russia is Saint Petersburg. It has
once been a capital of the country. These two cities have the majority of Russian sights. For
example, the Kremlin, which is situated in the heart of Moscow, the Bolshoi Theater, which
is also in Moscow and many others. Saint-Petersburg is famous by its magnificent
architecture. Almost every building in the city looks like a rare masterpiece. Many people
take trips along some Russian cities, called Golden Ring. The Golden Ring of Russia
includes such cities as Suzdal, Vladimir, Ivanovo, Yaroslavl and many others. These cities
are famous for their rich history and ancient churches. Also, tourists can take part in some
authentic festivals when visiting these cities. Another famous sight in Russia is situated in
the center of Asia. It’s called Altay. Many tourists want to see this amazing region, which is
known for its crystal clear lakes, high mountains and other natural wonders. The deepest
lake in the world, Baikal, is also situated in Russia, in the East Siberian region.
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