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Nikola Tesla 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943


10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943


Nikola Tesla was a remarkable
scientist. He was a Serbian inventor
of Austro-Hungarian origin who
developed the field of electrical
engineering. At the same time he
was a great physicist and supporter
of modern electricity.
Contemporaries called him “the man
who invented the 20th century”, as
his experiments somehow led to the
next level of industrial revolution.


Tesla was born in a small village Smilijan,
which is now in Croatia, on July 10, 1856, in
the family of an Orthodox priest. Regardless
his father’s wish to see Nikola as a priest, the
future scientist was always convinced he
wanted to become an engineer. In 1882 he
graduated from a prestigious university in Graz.
By that time he was already invited to work in
Paris for one large corporation.


Soon he presented his
first electric motor and
got acquainted with Th.
Edison. The later invited
him to New York to work
as an engineer, which was
more than pleasant for the
young inventor.
Unfortunately the two
talented inventors
couldn’t work together
and Tesla decided to quit.
In 1888 he settled his own
company and sold over
40 patents for large sums
of money. Finally, he was
financially free at the
extent that he could
devote more time to his
beloved experiments.


Almost 7 years he dedicated to experimenting with the magnetic
field and high frequencies. Starting from 1899 he led a series of
experiments, proving that electrical current can be easily passed
through the ground. A year later he returned to New York City
to build the tower for transatlantic link establishment. The
money for the project was donated by one rich banker whose
surname was Morgan.


Tesla later confessed that his main aim was to
create a machine capable of transmitting
electricity to any corner of the planet. The great
scientist died in 1943 at the age of eighty-six.
The range of his discoveries was incredibly
He was the founder of the system of high
voltages, the first samples of electromechanical
generators, the rotating magnetic field, etc. In
1891 during the public lecture he demonstrated
the principles of radio communication


His discoveries formed the foundation of modern electrical
engineering. His projects were willingly financed by many
outstanding people of that time, including Vanderbilt, Rothschild,
Astor, Morgan and others. And finally, the unit of magnetic
induction is named after Tesla. Apart from that, the eccentric
scientist was the owner of numerous honorable awards.
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