The Kingdom of Norway
1. NorwayKrivchenkova Yulia 211
2. LOCATIONThe Kingdom of Norway, is a constitutional
monarchy located in Northern Europe, the
western portion of the Scandinavian
Nearly half of the inhabitants of the country
live in the far south, in the region around Oslo,
the capital. About two-thirds of Norway is
mountainous, and off its much-indented
coastline lie, carved by deep glacial fjords,
some 50,000 islands.
qualities offered by nature, such as the Fjords & the coast, the mountains & the glaciers,
spectacular waterfalls, the Northern Lights & the Midnight Sun.
5. GEOGRAPHYNorway has a total area of 385,252
square kilometres and a population
of 5,258, The country shares a long
eastern border with Sweden .
Norway is bordered by Finland and
Russia to the north-east, and the
Skagerrak strait to the south, with
Denmark on the other side. Norway
has an extensive coastline, facing
the North Atlantic Ocean and the
6. THE KINGKing Harald V of the DanoGerman House of Glücksburg
is the current King of Norway.
in the world since 2009, a position also held previously between
2001 and 2006.
Norway ranks first on the World Happiness Report, the OECD
Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, and the Democracy
Norway also has one of the lowest crime rates in the world.
8. ETHNIC GROUPS
9. RELIGIONMore than four-fifths of all Norwegians belong to the Evangelical
Lutheran national church, the Church of Norway, which is
endowed by the government.
10. CULTURAL LIFELocated on the outskirts of Europe and with much of its inland population
almost completely isolated until the 20th century, Norway has been able to
preserve much of its old folk culture, including a large body of legends
concerning haugfolket (pixies), underjordiske (subterraneans), and vetter
11. CONSTITUTION DAYOn festive occasions folk costumes are worn and folk singing is
performed—especially on Grunnlovsdagen (Constitution Day),
commonly called Syttende Mai (May 17), the date of its celebration.
12. FESTIVALSOther popular festivals include Sankhansaften (Midsummer’s Eve), Olsok (St. Olaf’s Day),
and Jul (Christmas), the last of which is marked by family feasts whose fare varies from
region to region but that are traditionally marked by the presence of seven kinds of
13. FOODThe country’s cuisine reflects its environment. Fish dishes such as laks
(salmon) and torsk (cod) are popular.
Lutefisk, cod soaked in lye, is common during the Christmas holidays.
Rømmegrøt (sour-cream porridge), pinnekjøtt (dried mutton ribs), reker
(boiled shrimp), meatcakes are popular traditional delicacies.
The strong liquor called aquavit, made of fermented grain or potatoes, is
also widely used.
14. SPORTS AND RECREATIONNorwegians have the special advantages of abundant space and
traditionally close contact with nature. Cross-country skiing and all
forms of skating are national pastimes in the long winter season.
Norwegians have won more medals at the Winter Games than athletes
from any other country. Norwegian sporting prowess is not, however,
limited to winter competition. Norway also has an excellent record in
track and field, notably in long-distance running events.
But above all, skiing is central to the country’s identity. Norway
introduced ski competitions in the 18th century for its soldiers, and the
first nonmilitary ski event occurred in 1843 at Tromsø. The annual
Holmenkollen Ski Festival is the world’s oldest (1892), attracting tens of
thousands of people.
15. RELATIONSHIPS, MARRIAGE, & FAMILY LIFERELATIONSHIPS, MARRIAGE, & FAMILY LIFE
Relationships and marriage in Norway are fairly relaxed compared to most
countries in this world. Like many of its neighbors, Norway is a very liberal
country that views relationships and marriage quite differently than they
did a century ago. Today marriage is not viewed as a necessity and a
couple living together or having children prior to marriage is not seen as a
negative by most of society.
Many young people want to establish themselves as individuals prior to
marrying, which means dating is generally drawn out over time as
individuals place education, careers, exploration, and owning a home as
higher priorities than marriage. Relationships rarely become serious until the
couple is in their mid-20s if not older.
16. FAMILY LIFEFamily life in Norway follows much of the same lines as dating and
marriage. Children are sometimes born prior to marriage, but most children
are conceived willingly and parents, married or not, often share the
responsibilities and household chores. However, generous maternity leave
laws mean mothers are still the primary care takers.
Regardless of who the parents are
and which of them the child lives
with, children in Norway have strong
legal protection based on the UN
Convention on the Rights of the