H. P. Lovecraft
oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown”
-H. P. Lovecraft
Horror is a genre of fiction which is intended to, or has
the capacity to frighten, scare, disgust, or startle its
readers or viewers by inducing feelings of horror and
Literary historian J. A. Cuddon has defined the horror
"...a piece of fiction in prose of variable
length... which shocks or even frightens the reader,
or perhaps induces a feeling of repulsion or
Thrawn Janet, 1899 illustration, via The British Museum
Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American
writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short
stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre.
Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author of
horror, supernatural fiction, suspense, science fiction, and fantasy.
Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937)
was an American writer who achieved posthumous fame through his
influential works of horror fiction. He was virtually unknown and
published only in pulp magazines before he died in poverty, but he is
now regarded as one of the most significant 20th-century authors in
Lovecraftian horror is a subgenre of
horror fiction that emphasizes the
cosmic horror of the unknown (and in
some cases, unknowable) more than
gore or other elements of shock, though
these may still be present.
Residents of Innsmouth
Cthulhu is a cosmic entity created by H. P. Lovecraft
in the short story "The Call of
Cthulhu", published in the American pulp magazine
Weird Tales in 1928.
In "The Call of Cthulhu", H. P. Lovecraft describes a
statue of Cthulhu as "A
monster of vaguely
anthropoid outline, but with an octopus-like head
whose face was a mass of feelers, a scaly,
rubbery-looking body, prodigious claws on hind
and fore feet, and long, narrow wings behind."
A sketch of a statuette depicting Cthulhu, drawn by H. P. Lovecraft.