1. Simple Sentences
2. What is a sentence?● A sentence is a group of words with a subject
and a verb that expresses a complete thought.
● Ex. The big, black dog barked at the cat.
● There are specific elements make up complete
3. Types of Sentences● Simple sentence
● Compound sentence
● Complex sentence
● Compound-complex sentence
4. Elements of a sentence● Phrases
● A group of two or more related words
that is not a subject or verb
● A word or group of words that shows
the relationship of a noun or pronoun to
another word in the sentence
● Common prepositions include: up,
around, with, down, to behind, on, from
● If you’re wondering whether or not a
word is a preposition, use the sample
sentence “The squirrel ran
___________ the tree,” and fill in the
blank with the word in question. Does
the sentence make sense? It’s
probably a preposition! Try it for
5. What is a simple sentence?A sentence that has one independent
6. What is an independent clause?A group of words that:
(1) Makes a complete statement
(2) Has a subject and a verb
a) according to the purpose of the utterance;
b) according to the structure;
According to the purpose of the utterance we distinguish
four kinds of sentences.
1) The declarative sentences
A declarative sentences status a fact in the
affirmative or negative form. In a declarative
sentences the subject precedes the
predicate. It is generally pronounced with a
8. The interrogative sentences• An interrogative sentences asks a
question. It is formed by means of
10. The exclamatory sentences• An exclamatory
some kind of emotion or
feeling. It often begins
with the words what and
how, it is always in the
declarative form. It is
generally spoken with a
11. Structure• According to their structure simple sentences are
divided into two-member and one –member
A two-member sentences has two members – a
subject and a predicate. If one of them is missing it
can be easily understood from the context.
A two-member sentences may be complete or
incomplete. It is complete when it has a subject and a
Ex. Young Jolyon could not help smiling.
member which is neither the subject nor the predicate. This
goes not mean, however, that the other member is missing, for
the one member makes the sense complete.
• One-member sentences are generally used in description and in
• The main part of a one-member sentences is often expressed
by an infinitive.
13. The subject of a sentence• The subject is the
– Quality or ideas
14. Finding the elements of a sentence• Finding the elements of a sentence
can be much simpler if the
prepositional phrases are removed
and the sentence is shorter.
After the dance, the children were
sitting on the floor in the
15. Elements of a sentence prepositional phrasesSample: [After the dance,] the children
were sitting [on the floor] [in the
Answer: The children were sitting.
16. Simple Predicate• The simple predicate in a sentence is
the main verb plus any helping verbs.
Together, they're called a verb phrase.
• Got modifiers? Forget about 'em. The
simple predicate doesn't include any
modifiers. They don't have to show you
no stinkin' modifiers.