1. First Conditional
2. First ConditionalRESULT CLAUSE
will/won’t + infinitive
if + present simple
I will stay at home if it rains.
3. Use: Possible Future EventsWe use the first conditional to talk about
real future possibilities, things that are
likely to happen:
If I go to Barcelona, I will send you a
(= it’s possible that I’ll go. I’m planning
to go to Spain on holiday.)
If I move to London, I will invite you to
stay with me.
(= it’s possible that I will move. I’m
looking for a job in London.)
4. First Conditional: Clause OrderYou can reverse the two clauses of a first
conditional sentence without changing the
We will go if Pat doesn’t arrive soon.
If Pat doesn’t arrive soon, we will go.
5. Example sentencesThe cat will scratch you if you pull its tail.
She will be angry if I’m late.
I will come and see you tomorrow if I have
I’ll call the police if you don’t leave right
6. Example sentencesIf the weather is good tomorrow, we’ll have
If he runs, he will get there in time.
If we don’t hurry, we won’t finish.
If the result of the test is negative, you’ll
receive notification through the post.
7. UNLESSmeans the same as IF NOT:
I won’t pass my exam unless I work harder.
I won’t pass my exam if I don’t work harder.