1. PREPOSITION POWER !!
2. What are PREPOSITIONS?• Words which show relationships among
other words in the sentence.
• The relationships include direction,
place, time, cause, manner and amount.
4. ‘‘ AT ’’• We use “at” to refer to a specific & precise
place. (when we see it as a point)
• At the bus stop.
At the back of the bus.
At the bottom of the page.
At the front of the cinema.
5. ‘‘ IN ’’• We use “in” to refer to something that is
inside a space, often with four walls
• The hammers are in the bag.
There are some cows in the field.
Tim is in the bathtub.
The mouse is in the box.
6. ‘‘ ON ’’• We use “on” if something is on a horizontal or
• The picture is on the wall.
On the front cover of the magazine.
The spider is on the ceiling.
We are travelling on the road.
7. ‘‘ UNDER ’’√ To describe something that is physically
lower than another thing. In many cases you
can use “below” as well.
• They stood under a tree (= below its branches) to avoid
Her shoes were under the bed.
8. ‘‘ ABOVE ’’√ To describe a point on a scale (such as a
thermometer) that is higher than the starting
• Fifteen degrees above zero.
100 meters above sea level
√ To refer to an object that is higher than
There is a light above your desk.
There is a mirror above the washbasin.
9. ‘‘ BELOW ’’√ To describe a point on a scale (such as a
thermometer) that is lower than the starting
• Three degrees below zero.
Twenty metres below sea level.
The author's name was printed below the title.
10. ‘‘ NEAR / NEARBY / CLOSE TO’’√ Near & Close to: To describe things that are
within a short distance of one another.
• Jane’s house is close to/near the beach.
√ Nearby = not far away
• I noticed a policeman standing nearby.
Incorrect: I noticed a policeman standing nearby to
the vehicle/ nearby the vehicle
• Trainer’s Note: Nearby is used with only one point
11. ‘‘ NEXT TO / BESIDE ’’√ To describe something that is very close
to another thing, and almost touching that
• He sat next to me at my birthday party.
Go and sit beside the dog.
Trainer’s Note: Do not use ‘Besides’ !
It means except/other than.
Eg: Do you play any other sports besides football?
12. ‘‘ BETWEEN vs. AMONG ’’√ Between: To describe something that is between
• A pile of books lay between the students
A narrow path ran between two rows of houses
√ Among: To describe something that is in the middle of
• The green apple is among the red ones.
13. ‘‘ OPPOSITE’’√ We use “opposite” for two things that are
facing one another.
• They sat opposite each other in the meeting room.
Our office is right opposite the police station.
Trainer’s Note: Do not say ‘opposite to the police station’
14. Hmmm….I was just wondering..
ON the bed = laying (or standing/sitting) on top of the covers of the bed.
IN the bed = between the covers, retired for the night, and preparing to
sleep; or possibly between the covers and resting due to sickness, etc.
In the corner OR At the corner ??
We say 'in the corner of a room', but 'at the corner (or 'on the corner') of
16. Describe the room using all the prepositions of place
18. ‘‘ AT ’’√ Used with time of the day.
“He comes to the office at 8:30 a.m.”
At night; At weekend(s);
At + holidays (Christmas)
“My husband sleeps well at night”.
“We used to give each other presents at
Used with precise time.
“Call me later – I’m busy at the moment!”
“Lets meet at lunchtime, shall we?”
19. ‘‘ ON ’’√ Used with days (days of
the week/other days).
• “What do you enjoy doing on rainy
• “I’ve never worked on Sunday in
• “On the 3rd of June we are flying
20. ‘‘ IN ’’√ Used with seasons.
“In summer children usually have holidays.”
√ Used with months, years, centuries etc.
“When’s your Birthday? – In August.”
“First Coca-Cola was bottled in 19th century.”
“In the 2015 I will learn to drive a car.”
√ Used with “the morning”, “the evening”, “the afternoon” (but not “night”!)
“Many people wake up early in the morning – I wake up in the afternoon”
21. Hmmm….I was just wondering..
On, never in if there is a name of the day of the week.
At Christmas or on Christmas?
Both: On Christmas refers exactly to the Christmas day, At Christmas
means during the holiday itself.
At, on or in the next week?
No preposition is used with « next », « last », « this », today, tomorrow, every
23. ‘‘ DURING, UNTIL ’’√ During is used with nouns to say when
something happens (in the process of a
period of time).
“We saw a lot of penguins during our trip to
√ Until is used to say how long something
lasts (until specifies the end of an action).
“In on vacation until the next Wednesday.”
24. ‘‘ FOR, SINCE’’√ For + period of time is used to highlight the
“I’ve taught English for more than 4 years.”
√ Since + starting point is used to show when
“I’ve taught English since graduating from HighSchool.”
25. Hmmm….I was just wondering..
There is no difference between these two.
Use the one you like more
From to or From until?
Once again – no difference!