Category: geographygeography

The New Seven Wonders of the World


The New Seven Wonders of the World
By Nataliia Sherstiuk FDM-6


New Seven Wonders of the World
The new version of the seven wonders of the
world have been elected by more than 100
million votes from all over the world in 7-7-2007.


Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is almost 9000 km long and is the longest in
defensive fortification in the world. Its primary task was to defend
against invaders from the „Great Steppe” (Mongolia, Manchuria,
Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan ... etc). The wonder of the world was
being built by human hand for over 2,000 years. It contains not only a
stone fortification, but also natural dam rivers and mountains.
The first section of the wall already erected in the third century BC.
About one million workers died of exhaustion while building this
construction. Most of them were walled up in the wall, but not all
not weaken the structure.



Peace of the Great Wall can be noticed on the
'Silk Route'. Every year a marathon takes place there.
People claim that the wall seen from space is a fake.


Petra is a ruin of Nabateans city. To reach it, you have to overcome
only a narrow rocky path that leads to it. Most of the buildings have
been carved in the rocks. They were so beautiful, that over time they
gave the place the nickname 'Rqmco' what means multicolored.
Petra was repeatedly besieged, but even such personalities as:
Cleopatra, Herod the Great, Octavian Augustus, Pompey the Great,
failed to capture the city.
Petra was a trophy until it was reached by a Roman emperor Trajan,
then Hadrian, and at the end Saladin who destroyed the city.



In Petra you can find remains of temples, palaces,
tombs and a theatre that could seat up
to 10 000 people.


Monument of Christ the Redeemer
It is the symbol and the most impressive part of Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil. The monument is located on a granite top with a relative
height of 710 m asl.
The final project of Christ with outstretched arms was
designed by Hector da Silva and designed by a French sculptor.
Formal unveiling of the statue was followed three times
in history. Last time did it Pope John Paul II. Prior to his arrival the
figure had been washed and cleaned thoroughly.



The statue is located on the 7-meter pedestal. The head
is 3.5 m tall and weighs 35 tons, each hand weights
9 tons, and the extent of the figure is 23 m.


Machu Picchu
The best preserved city of the Incas to the present day. It was built in
the fifteenth century, according to sensationally developed plan and
was abandoned of unknown reasons in 1537. Machu Picchu was
discovered by an ordinary thief, who in the agreement with the
Peruvian government and the local president 'legally' traded the
finding. The material used to build the city is bright granite.
The highest place in Machu Picchu is an astronomical observatory Intihuatana -place where the sun stops. A stone pillar was carved in a
solid rock.



The stairs can be seen everywhere. Researchers have
found 1200 ones. In the past they were used for
communication among different levels
of the city.


Chichén Itzá
The city was found by the Maya in Mexico in 450. It was developed
the most in X-XIth century. Chichén Itzá literally means 'Origins of
Itzá people. The name comes from the two holy tanks. These tanks
were used for sacrifices. The most famous building in Chichén Itzá is
El Castillo - Temple Cuculcan. It was built on the pyramid consisted
of nine terraces. Each of the pyramid's four sides has 91 steps which,
when added together and including the temple platform on top as the
final 'step', produces a total of 365 steps (which is equal to the
number of days of the solar year).



A natural depression with a depth of 40m and 60m in
diameter was found in the city. Probably during the
drought virgins were thrown there to ask the god for


The Roman amphitheater built by the Flavian. It was able to seat up
to 73,000 spectators. It had his own underground system of corridors.
Gladiator fights, shows in a special pool, huntings of wild animals
were organized in the amphitheatre. Christians were murdered in this
place, too. The name comes from the Greek 'Kolossos' what means
'great'. In 528 the last Olympics were held here.



Since the second half of the 18th century on Good
Friday the Way of the Cross has been led by the pope
in this place.


Tadz Mahal
Enchanted Love in marble ... can be described as a mausoleum built
by Szachdżahana in memory of a loved wife Mumtaz Mahal. She was
36 years old and gave birth to 14 children. She died when the last
child was born. The legend says that before death, her husband gave
three promises: he will never marry again, he will take care of
children and he will build a building that will commemorate her. He
fulfilled all the promises. He built the splendid palace that has no
equivalent in the world.



Tadz Mahal was being built for 22 years by about 25
thousand workers.
It is made of marble.


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