Category: geographygeography



Made by Polysalov Vitaliy
Teacher: Bogachуova M.V.


Australia is the sixth country in the
world by the size of territory, and
this is the only country which
occupies the whole continent.
Australian Union
includes the
Australian mainland
and several islands,
the largest of which is


History of Australia
The Great Barrier Reef
Unique nature of
the country
Places of interest


The mainland of Australia
was inhabited more than 42
thousand years ago by
1606 - discovery of Australia by the
Dutch captain of the ship Duyfken
Billemom Janszoon. In the XVII
century, the Dutch have mapped the
western and northern coast of New
Holland, but did not attempt to
acquire these lands.


In 1770 a British expedition of
James Cook's ship ‘Endeavor’
explored and mapped the east
coast of Australia.
This area was named New South
Wales and proclaimed a British


The British colony of New South Wales begins with the
settlement, later called Sydney, which was founded on
January 26, 1788 by Captain Arthur Phillip.
Day 26 January
in our days is a
national holiday the Australia Day.


In the territory of New South
Wales were established
independent colonies: South
Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851
and Queensland
in 1859. The colonization of
Western and Northern Australia
Blazon of Queensland
Wallaroo Mines
In the period from 1855 to
1890, six British colonies had
self-government. January 1,
1901 - Australia was
established as Australian


Australia willingly participated
in the First and Second World
War on the side of Great
Britain. The population
decreased sharply, but the
Australians believed these
lesions as the birth of the
The end of war brought a flood of
immigrants, most of whom were
British. Immigrants had a great
influence on the development of the
country reviving and expanding the
cultural worldview of Australia
Monument to victims in the
First World War


History of Australia
The Great Barrier Reef
Unique nature of
the country
Places of interest


Most of the territory is
occupied by vast deserts and
lowlands. Among the wellknown deserts are: Great
Sandy Desert, Great Victoria
To the east of the
mainland are badly
damaged, the low
mountains - Great
Dividing Range.


The flora of Australia is diverse and
represented by eucalyptus trees and
many other plants, most of which are
under protection.


Australia is extremely rich in its wildlife.
Kangaroo is the most common
herbivorous marsupial, the symbol of
By popular legend, Cook
asked the question: "What is
this animal?" A local tribal
leader said: "I do not
understand," and this
phrase, Cook took over the
name of the animal.


tasmanian devil
None of the
mainland of the
world does not have
so many rare and
unique animals.


History of Australia
The Great Barrier Reef
Unique nature of
the country
Places of interest


Original survivors
The Aborigines probably
came to Australia from
South East Asia about
60000 years ago.
Australia in those days was a much wetter
continent, with large forests and numerous


They were mostly
nomads. The men
hunted and the
women collected
plants and seeds.
They had no
domestic animals
except the dingo,
and used tools
made of wood and
The Aborigines did their hunting with spears and


The Aborigines believe
in the Dreamtime which
was a time when their
‘spirit ancestors’ created
the land and all forms
of life on it.
The didgeridoo is the oldest wind instrument
in the world.
The Aborigines sing lots of
Dreamtime songs around
campfires with the
accompaniment of the
didgeridoo, their national


Art is very important to the Aborigines.
For thousands of years they have
painted stories from their Dreamtime
on rocks and barks. They have also
painted their bodies for ceremonies.
Uluru has several caves filled with paintings
showing legends of the Dreamtime.


Since the settlers arrived in Australia, Aboriginal number has
sharply reduced, as well as the number of languages has
decreased, from 250 to 50, and the official language - English.
But nowadays there are Aborigines still alive in Australia who have
not agreed to change the way of life.
Modern Australian.


The language down under
Australian and New Zealand speech has
its origins in Cockney London. The
vowel a in words like ‘day’, ‘late’ is
pronounced like I in ‘bite’ .(it makes
‘basin’ sound exactly the same as ‘bison’,
the American word for a buffalo).
Here is a joke which is both Cockney and
“What’s the difference between a buffalo
and bison?”
“I don’t know. What’s the difference?
“Yer can’t wash yer hands in a buffalo!”


History of Australia
The Great Barrier Reef
Unique nature of
the country
Places of interest


Places of Interest
Sydney Opera House — one of
the most famous and easily
recognizable buildings of the
world, which is the symbol of
Sydney and one of the main
attractions of Australia. The
architecture of this building is
unlike any in the world.
Harbour Bridge — largest
bridge in Sydney, one of the
largest arch bridges of the


Captain James Cook's Cottage is
located in the Park Fitzroy Gardens
Melbourne. This is the house where the
captain grew up. After the death of
James Cook, his wife sold the house,
and it was carried to Australia..
Royal Exibition Building —
building, located in Melbourne,
is the largest object collection of
the Museum of Victoria.


Uluru (Ayers Rock) - formed about 680 million
years ago the 348-foot orange-brown oval-shaped rock.
Located in central Australia about 450 km from the
town of Alice Springs. Its length is 3,6 km, width about 3 km, and the base indented caves decorated with
ancient rock paintings and carvings on the stone.


History of Australia
The Great Barrier Reef
Unique nature of
the country
Places of interest


Great Barrier Reef
The Australian Great Barrier Reef is the
largest coral reef in the world. It’s 2000 km
long and can be seen from space! Just take
a look at this natural wonder!


Corals make wonderful
shapes. Some look like trees,
others like flowers.
There are more than 400 types of coral
in the Great Barrier Reef/ Corals are
tiny animals that live only in warm
seas. They need warmth and sunlight
all the year round. When many corals
grew in the same place they make a
coral reef.


There are more than 1500 species of fish
and 4000 types of mollusc in the Great
Barrier Reef. They are all the coloures of
the rainbow.


In spite of its colorful
markings, this angelfish can
be hard to see among the
bright colours.
Lots of unusual animals
live in the Great Barrier
Reef. This is a sea cow.
In the past people mistook
this creature for a mermaid.


The clown fish lives among the
tentacles of large sea anemones. This
brightly-coloured fish is immune to
the anemone’s stinging tentacles. It
helps to attract other fish that the
anemone catches and eats!
Turtles are the most
common reptiles on the
Great Barrier Reef and
six of the world’s seven
turtle species live here.


Bottlenose dolphins
are very sociable.
Lots of people come to
the Great Barrier Reef
every year to enjoy this
beautiful place.


Soft and warm climate, sandy
beaches and big waves attract many
tourists in any season.


to Australia!
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