Genres of music in Britain and America
Country music is based on singing and dancing melodies brought
to America by early settlers from Europe. On their contents songs
and ballads, performed by country-singers are very close to folklore. The spirit of country-music is also felt in such musical
instruments as guitars and mandolins.
Jimmy Rodgers (born in 1897) is famous as «The singing
Brakeman». He was the first star of country music. In 1927
Rodgers gathered a band in Tennessee under the name «Tenneva
Ramblers». Their most popular song is «Blue Yodel» which is
more known as «T for Texas». More than half million copies of this
song were sold during two years. His song «Years ago» is the last
one in his career. Jimmy Rodgers died at the age of 35.
'T' for Texas, 'T' for Tennessee
'T' for Texas, 'T' for Tennessee
'T' for Thelma, the gal that made a wreck out of me
If you don't want me mama, you sure don't have to stall
If you don't want me mama, you sure don't have to stall
'Cause I can get more women than a passenger train can haul.
«T for Texas» it is one of the most known songs of Jimmy
Rodgers. This song is very melodious. It may be easy to
remember for every student and even for any adult.
I said hello, Dolly,……well, hello, Dolly
It’s so nice to have you back where you
You’re lookin’ swell, Dolly…….I can
You’re still glowin’…you’re still
you’re still goin’ strong
Jazz is a musical style that originated at the beginning
of the 20th century in black communities in the Southern
United States. It was born out of a mix of African and
European music traditions: Blues; Folk; March; Ragtime.
Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971) was
an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New
Armstrong was born into a very poor family in New
Orleans, Louisiana; he was the grandson of slaves In
1922, Louis Armstrong moved to Chicago, where he
played for two years in the Creole Jazz Band, and then
moved to New York, where he performed as a trumpeter
In 1933, he makes a great triumphal tour of Europe. In
1946, Armstrong creates a jazz band «All Stars», where
we see him more as a singer than as a trumpeter.. In
December 1963, Armstrong and his band «All Stars»
recorded the song for the musical performance of
«Hello, Dolly!». In May 1964 «Hello, Dolly!» took the
first place, pushing the disk group "The Beatles".
Origins of English music are in the musical culture
of the Celts. Among the instrumental genres are :
Gigue, country dance, hornpipe. At the end of the
6th century church choral music is developing which
is associated with the formation of professional art.
The main tools for the classical music are piano,
flute, oboe, clarinet, brass instruments . One of the
classical English composers is Benjamin Britten
(1913 - 1976).
Benjamin Britten was a composer, a pianist and a
conductor. He began composing music at the age
of 8. Since 1929, he studied at the Royal College of
Music in London. Already in the works of his youth
he showed his original melodic gift, fantasy, humor.
In his works solo vocal and choral works take an
important place. Britten also involves national
English traditions in his music. Some of the best
works by Britten, were recognized in England and
other countries. The opera "Peter Grimes” belongs
to them. In the opera “Peter Grimes” Britten
appears as a thin musical dramatist - an innovator.
Pop music is a genre of modern mass culture.
Main features of pop-music are simplicity, melody,
rhythm and less attention to instrumental part.
The texts of pop-music are usually simple and
devoted to personal feelings. For the 1st time the
term “pop-music” appeared in English in 1926.
But the roots of this music are in volk music,
romances and ballads. In the USA such stars as
Prince and Madonna appear.
Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone came to New
York with 35$ in the pocket. Her first songs she
sang in clubs were popular with students. Now
she is the most successful American pop-singer,
the Queen of Pop-music. Madonna has got 12
albums which are the most sold in all history of
pop-music. The status of the Queen of Pop-music
she got thank to the song “Hung Up”.
This song is about life which passes rapidly:
“Time goes by so slowly for those who wait
No time to hesitate
Those who run seem to have all the fun,
I'm caught up
I don't know what to do.”
Rock music is a genre of popular music that originated
as "rock and roll" in 1950s America and developed into a
range of different styles in the 1960s and later,
particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States.
.The term pop has been used since the early 20th
century to refer to popular music in general, but from the
mid-1950s it began to be used for a distinct genre, aimed
at a youth market, often characterized as a softer
alternative to rock and roll. In the aftermath of the British
Invasion, from about 1967, it was increasingly used in
opposition to the term “rock music”, to describe a form
that was more commercial. Nevertheless, pop and rock
music have been very similar in sound, instrumentation
and even lyrical content. Pop-rock has been defined as
variety of rock music represented by artists such as Elton
John, Paul McCartney.” The Everly Brothers ”are Rod
Stewart and Peter Frampton. Pop rock is defined as a
subgenre of pop music that uses catchy pop songs
which are mostly guitar-based. The lyrical content of
pop rock is "normally secondary to the
music. Throughout its history there have been rock acts
which used elements of pop, and pop artists who used
rock music as a basis for their work, or striven for rock
In the song « All I have to do is dream» they sing about
When I want you in my arms
When I want you and all your charms
Whenever I want you, all I have to do is
Dream, dream, dream, dream.
few clubs in 1960s . The club CBGB was its center . In
the UK around the same time «The Damned» and «The
Sex Pistols» took the stage . They brought aggression
and their own manner of behavior into punk culture. A
great number of young bands followed them. They
became a sensation in the UK and considered to be a
real threat to the welfare of establishment . But there
were groups which found their own, origin sound .
Among them is “the Clash”.
They can be proud of two extremely talented
composers - Joe Strummer (Joe Strummer) and Mick
Jones (Mick Jones), each of which has a unique style
and voice. They are beyond the traditional punk rock,
drawing into its orbit other styles, including rhythm and
blues, reggae and rockabilly. Classical image of the
rebels was their hallmark. Hot fighters for justice,
idealists who supported the left-wing views, they found a
sincere admirers all over Europe and in faraway
London calling to the faraway towns
Now war is declared - and battle come down
London calling to the underworld
Come out of the cupboard, you boys and girls
London calling, now don't look to us
Phoney Beatlemania has bitten the dust
London calling, see we aim's got no swing
'Cept for the ring of that truncheon thing
THE “Green Day “is an American pop punk fate
group. It consists of four participants: Billey Joe
Armstrong (vocal, guitar), Mike Dyornta (bass guitar,
background vocals), To Kul's (percussions) ,Torah.
The “Green Day” were part of punk rock movement..
Their first albums, written down in a punk rock style
allowed the group to earn a great number of fans. As
result the group together with others Californian
punks (The Offspring, Rancid) lifted a wave of huge
interest to the pop punk music not only in the USA,
but also around the world. The “ Green Day” continue
to inspire musicians and to these days. In 2011 the
trio was recognized as the best pop punk group in
the history of music as a result of the poll which has
been carried out by the “Rolling Stone magazine”.
The group was formed in 1986 by Billey Joe's school
friends : Armstrong and Michael Ryan Pritchard . The
group was originally called “Sweet Children”. The
most popular songs are "American idiot" and
"Boulevard of Broken Dream“.
In the “Boulevard of Broken Dream” they sing : "I
walk this empty street On the Boulevard of Broken
Dreams, Where the city sleeps and I'm the only one
and I walk alone."
We're building it up
To break it back down
We're building this up
To burn it down
We can't wait
To burn it to the ground
Hard Rock is a genre of rock music,
characterized by the central role of the lead
guitarist and compositions. Hard Rock was
born in 1960, and its heyday was in the 1970s
with the participation of groups like Deep
Purple, Black Sabbath and Rainbow. From
hard rock in the middle of the 70 began
"metal" music. The term "hard rock" is
sometimes also used as hyperons for "heavy"
genres such as heavy metal, grunge, etc., in
order to distinguish them from the pop-rock.
What may be perceived as a listener "burden"
in hard rock is reached, in particular, through
a specific sound electric guitar (with effects
such as distortion and overdrive) and the work
of the rhythm section. "Classic" hard rock took
shape in the late 1960's - early 1970's in the
UK. Classic hard rock differs from the heavy
metal through more melodic sound. Linkin
Park - an American alternative rock band
founded in 1996 under the name Xero. In
1999 under the name Linkin Park the group
was twice awarded with "Grammy.“The Group
found success with their debut album in 2000
under the name Hybrid Theory.
«The Phantom of the Opera»
In sleep he sang to me, in dreams he came
That voice which calls to me and speaks
And do I dream again for now I find
The phantom of the opera is there, inside
Opera is a genre of music and drama, in
which the content embodied the medium of
musical drama, mainly through vocal music.
Rock Opera is a symbiosis of Rock and
Andrew Lloyd Webber is an English
composer, the elder son of the organist
William Lloyd Webber and brother of the
cellist Julian Lloyd Webber. Lloyd Webber
started composing at the age of six, his first
work was published when he was nine. He
studied in Oxford (Magdalena College) where
he got to know Tim Rice. He created 18
musicals(among them are ”the cats”,”Jesus
Christ Superstar”( together with Rice), “Evita”
,”Wizard of Oz”. 22, 1984 - the day of his
birthday and the day of the premiere of his
new musical which is called "Starlight
Express“. Webber married an opera singer
Sarah Brightman, who sang the title role in his
new musical – “Phantom of the Opera.”
Yeah, Shorty I know what you need,
I got everything you need,
I promise I ain't gonna hold out
I'ma give it all to you baby, it's on,
Rap appeared in the 1970s among African - Americans in Bronx
district. The father of rap was DJ KooL Herc. Rap was originally
read not for commercial purposes but for fun .
A talented rapper of Jamaican Descent, Busta Rhymes (Trevor
Smith) was born in Brooklyn, in May 20, 1972 . He began reading
rap at the age of 12.Older rappers saw his great abilities and
As a teenager, Trevor won the competition for young tapers
organized by the group “Public Enemy “.Chuck D. recommended
him to use the name Busta Rhymes after the football player
J.Rhymes. Chuck helped organize the young man his first hip-hop
group “Leaders of the new School.” The group was predicted a
great future judging by her debut album “Future without past
“(1991) but internal conflicts destroyed the group. After the collapse
Busta Rhymes was able to concentrate on his solo career,
successfully combining it with cinematic activity.
The most popular track of Busta Rhymes is a song under the
name «I know what you want» .The rapper is still writing music.
At the count of three
I want everybody in the place to be
To make some noise if ya down with me
One, two, three
Hip-hop is a music genre or musical form, which is a
combination of rhythmic music, and recitative.
Sometimes with the presence of melodic verse Hip-hop
music is a combination of two musical elements of the
subculture of hip-hop - DJing and emsiinga.
Subculture of hip-hop was born in 1974 in the AfricanAmerican and Latino neighborhoods Bronx. Hip-hop
developed in the streets of New York.
The time from 1986 to 1993 is called the "golden age of
hip-hop“ .This is the heyday of hip-hop as a musical
genre and the emergence of new genres within it. Kool
Herc was the eldest in the family. In 1967 his family
moved to the Bronx. The future DJ was very tall for
basketball and earned the nickname "Hercules", or
"Herc." As a child, Herc was a fan of the famous funk
singer James Brown. He was also fond of graffiti.
Kool Herc was one of the first DJs in the Bronx.To
repeat often places in the tracks that are popular with
the public, Herc put together two plates and scroll
through them one by one hand to the right place. So a
new genre of music hip-hop appeared.